Distribution Malawi, Mozambique, reintroduced to north-eastern RSA, Tanzania, Zambia, south-east Zimbabwe.
Categorical-discrete (CD) distribution model
A savanna species. Prefers woodland
particularly Brachystegia woodland that contains enough water and sufficient perennial types of grass. Dependand on water.
The hartebeest, like many antelope, is primarily diurnal, grazing in the early morning and late afternoon, and resting in a shaded area during the hottest part of the day. During feeding periods, a sentry watches for potential sources of danger, and can often be seen standing on a termite mound in order to increase the range of visibility. When fleeing, the herd runs in single file, and can reach speeds of up to 80 kmph / 48 mph. At 3-4 years of age, males attempt to hold a territory. Marked with dung piles, these defended regions average 31 hectares in area, and are generally taken over by another male after 4-5 years. Females and males alike are generally non-aggressive, although both sexes will fight vigorously in defense of their offspring or territory. Population densities average 1.4 animals per square kilometer.